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MITRE’s Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge (ATT&CK™) is a curated knowledge base and model for cyber adversary behavior, reflecting the various phases of an adversary’s lifecycle and the platforms they are known to target. ATT&CK is useful for understanding security risk against known adversary behavior, for planning security improvements, and verifying defenses work as expected.

ATT&CK is broken into Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

  • Tactics are the tactical goals a threat may use during an operation.
  • Techniques describe the actions threats take to achieve their objectives.
  • Procedures are the technical steps required to perform the action.

This frameworks provides a classification of all threat actions regardless of the underlying vulnerabilities.

Red teams can emulate realistic TTPs through research and experience. Much of this information has been complied in to ATT&CK. ATT&CK can be thought of a menu of TTPs. Red teams can use this to ensure they have a comprehensive set of threat TTPs, and blue teams can use this to build a scorecard of how well they are able to defend against various TTPs.


ATT&CK Navigator
ATT&CK Navigator Example